material properties of cartilage

Cartilage - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cartilage is a tough, semitransparent, elastic, flexible connective tissue consisting of cartilage cells scattered through a glycoprotein material that is strengthened by collagen fibers. There are no nerves or blood vessels in cartilage, which is found in the joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the throat, and between vertebral disks.

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The natural synovial joint: Properties of cartilage - G. A ...

Articular cartilage is the bearing material that lines the ends of the bones of synovial joints. Its primary function is to reduce friction and wear at the articulations of the musculoskeletal system. The tribological properties of cartilage are intimately related to its structure and mechanical properties.

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Properties of Cartilage on Micro- and Nanolevel

The conducted investigations of structure and elastic properties of cartilage on micro- and nanolevels showed that stable bearing capacity of the natural material reduced time dependence of their elastic properties reveals in case of involvement of all composite structure of cartilage tissue into the process of contact deformation and only when deformation direction coincides with that ...

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Biomechanics of Articular Cartilage and Determination of ...

properties of articular cartilage. Key Words: BIPHASIC THEORY, TRIPHASIC THEORY, FIXED CHARGE DENSITY, INDENTATION, CORRESPONDENCE PRINCIPLE A rticular cartilage is a layer of low-friction, load-bearing soft tissue that overlies the articulating bony ends in diarthrodial joints. It provides the joint with essential biomechanical functions, such as wear

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Mechanical Properties of Natural Cartilage and Tissue ...

Different methods for enhancing the mechanical properties of engineered cartilage are also discussed, including scaffold design, mechanical stimulation, and chemical stimulation. This article concludes with recommendations for future research aimed at achieving engineered cartilage with mechanical properties matching those found in native cartilage.

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Biomechanics of Cartilage - OpenStax CNX

By fitting the mathematical biphasic model to the meas- ured displacement, two material properties of the cartilage are determined: the aggregate modulus and permeability. The aggregate modulus is a measure of the stiffness of the tissue at equilibrium when all fluid flow has ceased.

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Mechanical properties of articular cartilage covered by ...

The knowledge of the topographical variations of articular cartilage material properties is important in terms of the way load is transferred to the subchondral bone because of either altered kinematics or changes in material properties, and even to bone that has suffered some microfracture.

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Articular cartilage biomechanics: theoretical models ...

Articular cartilage has unique material properties that enable the cartilage to perform its physiological functions over a lifetime and under a wide range of loading conditions. Numerous studies have investigated the relationship between cartilage properties and composition/structure.

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Cartilage: Material selection

Let’s consider the materials properties that we might require for cartilage regeneration. Here we need to look at materials that will have very specific properties. They need to match with the modulus of the stiffness of cartilage they need to be compatible with living cells, and must have enough mechanical robustness so as we can actually implant the structure into the defect.

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Properties of Cartilage on Micro- and Nanolevel

The conducted investigations of structure and elastic properties of cartilage on micro- and nanolevels showed that stable bearing capacity of the natural material reduced time dependence of their elastic properties reveals in case of involvement of all composite structure of cartilage tissue into the process of contact deformation and only when deformation direction coincides with that ...

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Articular cartilage biomechanics: theoretical models ...

In the first part, the composition and structure of articular cartilage is presented. In the second part, theoretical models of the mechanical behavior of cartilage, experimental methods for the determination of cartilage properties, and material properties for normal, pathologic, and repair cartilage are summarized.

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Material Properties of the Developing Bone-Cartilage ...

Paietta, RC, Burger, E, & Ferguson, VL. "Material Properties of the Developing Bone-Cartilage Interface in the Human Fetal Spine." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Farmington, Pennsylvania, USA. June 22–25, 2011. pp. 53-54. ASME.

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Tissue material properties and computational modelling of ...

As bones were modelled as rigid this requires no material property input; cartilage material properties could not be traced; menisci material properties were based on canine meniscal material properties (LeRoux & Setton, 2002) and ligaments on human ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL material properties with ages specified as 38 years old (Butler et al., 1990), 37–61 years old (91), 43–74 years old ...

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Fabrication, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of ...

• Initial animal studies indicate bone and cartilage regeneration (Vickers, 2007)" • Longer term (52 week) animal studies ongoing (Lynn) " Source: Vickers, S. "Cell-seeded Type II Collagen Scaffolds for Articular Cartilage Tissue Engineering." Ph.D. Thesis. MIT, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2007. 42

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Biomechanical Properties of Facial Cartilage Grafts ...

Nasal septal cartilage is well established as an autograft material. Tissue engineering methods are now being developed to synthesize cartilage constructs with the properties of this type of ...

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Artificial cartilage - Wikipedia

Artificial cartilage is a synthetic material made of hydrogels or s that aims to mimic the functional properties of natural cartilage in the human body. Tissue engineering principles are used in order to create a non-degradable and biocompatible material that can replace cartilage. While creating a useful synthetic cartilage material, certain challenges need to be overcome.

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Mechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage, Meniscus and ...

Mechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage, Meniscus and Related Materials: Daniels, A.U., Wirz, Dieter: Amazon.sg: Books

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Compressive Properties of Mouse Articular Cartilage ...

The creep response and material properties of lateral tibial plateau cartilage were obtained for wild-type mouse knee joints, by the micro-indentation testing and optimization algorithm. The newly developed genetic algorithm was found to be efficient and accurate when used with the finite element simulations for nonlinear optimization to the experimental creep data.

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Cartilage: Material selection

Let’s consider the materials properties that we might require for cartilage regeneration. Here we need to look at materials that will have very specific properties. They need to match with the modulus of the stiffness of cartilage they need to be compatible with living cells, and must have enough mechanical robustness so as we can actually implant the structure into the defect.

Get Price

Cartilage: Material selection

Let's consider the materials properties that we might require for cartilage regeneration. Here we need to look at materials that will have very specific properties. They need to match with the modulus of the stiffness of cartilage they need to be compatible with living cells, and must have enough mechanical robustness so as we can actually implant the structure into the defect.

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Characterization of the Elastic Properties of Cartilage ...

Articular cartilage is a specialized connective tissue suited for the distribution of contact loads within diarthordial joints. It is a biphasic material that exhibits anisotropic and nonlinear elastic behavior. The liquid phase, primarily water, makes up 65% to 80% of the cartilage by weight. The solid phase consists of dispersed proteoglycans

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Tribological and material properties for cartilage of and ...

Prior studies suggest that ligament and meniscus tears cause osteoarthritis (OA) when changes in joint kinematics bring underused and underprepared regions of cartilage into contact. This study aims to test the hypothesis that material and tribological properties vary throughout the joint according to the local mechanical environment.

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The contribution of mineral to the material properties of ...

1989). Cartilage, in contrast, is a viscoelastic material having both fluid and solid characteristics, and therefore displays strain-rate dependent mechanical and material properties. Unmineralized cartilage, such as bovine articular cartilage, becomes stiffer with increasing strain rate (Li et al., 2003; Park et al., 2004).

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Biomechanical Properties of Facial Cartilage Grafts ...

Nasal septal cartilage is well established as an autograft material. Tissue engineering methods are now being developed to synthesize cartilage constructs with the properties of this type of ...

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Biomaterials for Cartilage Repair: A Review

These materials exhibit many of the desired mechanical properties to be useful in cartilage replacement materials. Furthermore, the introduction of hydrophobic groups in the materials has been shown to have a positive effect on mechanical properties with a minimal effect on COF and contact angle.

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Biomechanical topography of human ankle cartilage ...

The material properties of normal cadaveric human cartilage in the ankle mortice (tibiotalar articulation) were evaluated to determine a possible etiologic mechanism of cartilage injury of the ankle when an obvious traumatic episode is not present. Using an automated indentation apparatus and the biphasic creep indentation methodology, creep indentation experiments were performed in five sites ...

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Mechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage, Meniscus and ...

Buy Mechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage, Meniscus and Related Materials by Daniels, A.U., Wirz, Dieter online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase.

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